Having examined the events that took place in the Garden
that brought about the fall of man and his death, we can
now look deeper into what it meant for man to die, and
also the process by which God brings man back from the
dead. To do this we must now look at its two
aspects—dying and the state of being dead, on the
physical, psychological, and spiritual plane. For
example, there is the process or means of dying, and for
the body it may come in various ways—through accident,
by one being murdered or committing suicide, by
succumbing to some dreaded disease, or finally, if we
are fortunate enough, by just plain old age. The amount
of time that this stage takes may range from a few
seconds to the lifelong process of growing old. The
state of being dead is the second aspect whereby the
spirit, which is the life force, and the soul, which is
the essence of the person, leaves the body and all the
functions of the body have ceased. The body then begins
to decay and eventually will return to the dust from
which it was formed. For the body, the result is final
and irreversible, except for a miraculous intervention,
as in the case of Lazarus. This is to be qualified by
saying that all our bodies will await the resurrection
of the dead at the end time. For those who are in
Christ, it will happen when He comes for His own. For
the unredeemed it will take place at the end of time;
and at that point the sinner will stand before God in
the completeness of his body, soul, and spirit at the
Great White Throne of Judgment.
Jam 2:26 For as the body without the spirit is dead,
so faith without works is dead also.
Gen 35:18 And it came to pass, as her soul was in
departing, (for she died) that she called his name
Ben-oni: but his father called him Benjamin.
Kin 17:21 And he stretched himself upon the child three
times, and cried unto the LORD, and said, O LORD my God,
I pray thee, let this child's soul come into him
22 And the LORD heard the voice of Elijah;
and the soul of the
child came into him again, and he revived.
Gen 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread,
till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast
thou taken: for
dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
John 11:39 Jesus said, Take ye away the stone. Martha,
the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord,
by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four
40 Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that,
if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory
41 Then they took away the stone from the place where
the dead was laid. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and
said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me.
42 And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because
of the people which stand by I said it, that they may
believe that thou hast sent me.
43 And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud
voice, Lazarus, come forth.
44 And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and
foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about
with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let
Cor 15:51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not
all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the
last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead
shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be
The 4:13 But I would not have you to be ignorant,
brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye
sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.
14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again,
even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring
15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord,
that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of
the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.
16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a
shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the
trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise
17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up
together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in
the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
18 Wherefore comfort one another with these words.
Rev 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that
sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled
away; and there was found no place for them.
12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before
God; and the books were opened: and another book was
opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were
judged out of those things which were written in the
books, according to their works
13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and
death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them:
and they were judged every man according to their works.
looking at dying and death in the non-physical plane, it
involves both the soul and the spirit; and it also has a
different result for the believer, those who have
trusted Christ, and the unbeliever. The problem we face
however, is that most people, including many Christians,
have never been taught to differentiate between the “soul
and spirit, and…the joints and marrow” of man’s
being. Therefore, before we can gain a complete
understanding of our discussion of dying and death, we
must grasp, first of all, the nature of man’s being.
Unless we comprehend how humans were designed and how
they function, any further discussion of death would be
Isa 28:9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall
he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned
from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.
10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon
precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a
little, and there a little:
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and
sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the
dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the
joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the
thoughts and intents of the heart.
know from Scripture that man was created in the image of
God, and that God is a triune being. The three
manifestations or persons of the Trinity are the Father,
the Son, and the Holy Spirit. They are co-equal to one
another in every way, and are perfectly joined together
in will and purpose in what we call the Godhead. Many
times they are manifested in their own particular facet,
and seem at times to be separate beings; but in truth,
they are always united and joined together. The fact of
the matter is, that it is impossible to separate them or
they would be different Gods; and they would be
incomplete or imperfect Gods without each other. We
might also venture to say that they would be subject to
death, being imperfect or incomplete if separated, like
man’s body when it is separated from his spirit. They
are like a three-sided pyramid, which, when viewed from
the top, we see clearly that it is one structure with
three separate but equal sides. When, however, we look
at the pyramid from a side or ground level view, we may
see one or even two of the faces, depending on our angle
of perception. If we were to look at a pyramid from the
bottom we would only see a triangular figure with all of
the sides not readily apparent—which is how God is most
often viewed in the Scripture. (See the following
schematic.) When Jesus walked the earth, we saw the Son,
but the Father was with Christ and in Christ, and the
Spirit was with Him from His mother’s womb and filled
Him at His baptism. Jesus is the physical manifestation
of the invisible God, but He was not alone, for the
Father and the Spirit were with Him always. In Jesus we
saw the Fathers love, will, and work being accomplished,
and the Spirits power to carry out that work. Jesus
would have been soul-less and powerless without the
Father and the Spirit being adjoined with Him. In the
creation of the world the Father spoke “The Word”
and the Spirit empowered “The Word” to bring
Creation into being. The work of creation could not have
happened if the Godhead was separated or one Person of
the Trinity acted independently of the other two.
Gen 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image,
after our likeness: and let them have dominion over
the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and
over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every
creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
27 So God created man in his own image, in the image
of God created he him; male and female created he
Cor 5:18 And all things are of God, who hath reconciled
us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the
ministry of reconciliation;
19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling
the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses
unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of
Isa 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect,
in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon
him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
Isa 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me;
because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings
unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the
brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and
the opening of the prison to them that are bound;
John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him,
and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the
sin of the world.
30 This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man
which is preferred before me: for he was before me.
31 And I knew him not: but that he should be made
manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with
32 And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit
descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon
33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to
baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom
thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on
him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy
Gen 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and
2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness
was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God
moved upon the face of the waters.
3 And God said,
Let there be light: and there was light.
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word
was with God, and the Word was God.
2 The same was in the beginning with God.
3 All things
were made by him; and without him was not any thing made
that was made.
Heb 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds
were framed by the word of God, so that things which
are seen were not made of things which do appear.
the last hours that Jesus would spend teaching His
disciples, we have perhaps the most enlightening
Scriptures concerning the Deity of Christ, the Trinity
of God, and the inter-workings of the Trinity. When
speaking to Philip, who had asked Jesus to “shew us
the Father,” Jesus replied, “Have I been so long
time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip?
he that hath seen me hath seen the Father.” Jesus
also made these revelations about Himself—“that I am
in the Father, and the Father in me”; speaking of
all the miracles that the disciples had seen Jesus do,
He said, it is “the Father that dwelleth in me, he
doeth the works.” When speaking to them about His
leaving, He saw that they were distressed about being
left alone without His presence—for He had been their
comforter while in this world. However, He assures them
that He “will pray the Father, and he shall
give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you
for ever; Even the Spirit of truth”;—speaking of the
Holy Spirit that would soon indwell them. Then to assure
them that the Holy Spirit was the same Presence or Being
as Himself, He said, “I will not leave you
comfortless: I will come to you.” Meaning—‘That
as you have known what the Father was like through Me,
so you shall continue to sense My presence and know Me
through the Holy Spirit, for We are one and the same
John 14:8 Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the
Father, and it sufficeth us.
9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with
you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that
hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest
thou then, Shew us the Father?
10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and
the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I
speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in
me, he doeth the works.
11 Believe me that I am in the Father, and the
Father in me: or else believe me for the very works'
12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on
me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater
works than these shall he do; because I go unto my
13 And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I
do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.
14 If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.
15 If ye love me, keep my commandments.
16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you
another Comforter, that he may abide with you for
17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot
receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him:
but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be
18 I will not
leave you comfortless: I will come to you.
A pyramid as seen from the
A pyramid as seen from the
Understanding therefore, something of the being of God,
we know that man’s being was created in the image of
God, and was made a triune being also. First of all, we
have a body, which is our physical manifestation. It is
how we live and communicate with the physical world, and
through which the world communicates and effects us. God
has equipped us with a marvelous living machine that
carries us about, does our work, sees, hears, smells,
tastes, feels, talks, takes in food and processes it to
give us fuel to live on. One could devote an entire
library of books on the wonders of our body and still
not begin to reveal the marvels of it. Then, dwelling
inside our bodies we have a soul, which is the eternal
essence of our being; it is our mind or thoughts—though
not the physical brain or grey matter, for that is of
the body. The soul is also where our emotions come from
and our will emanates. It is the source by which we know
our self; it is what makes us individuals.
Lastly, we have a spirit, which is our life energy and
spiritual connection to God and higher concepts; it is
our God consciousness. Our spirit also conveys to other
spirits what and who we really are—be they other men,
angels, or God Himself. It is our attitude and our
motivator. It is how we assimilate the unseen world,
spiritual concepts and ideas—principles that do not come
to us from the natural world.
each of these three aspects of man’s being are directly
related to the Trinity of God. Like the Father, who is
the soul of God—the mind, emotions, and will of the
Godhead—so is our soul. Like the Son, who is the express
image or manifestation of the invisible God, who also we
saw in the literal body of the Lord Jesus Christ—so is
our body. Just as other people know us through our
body, so know we the Father through the Lord Jesus
Christ. Our body is also like “the Word” in that it is
used to create and work. The Father could not have made
the Creation without His Word—the Son; and it was
through the Son that His work was accomplished here on
earth. We also cannot function or do work in this
natural world without our bodies. Then, like the Holy
Spirit, who is the power or life force of the Godhead,
so is our spirit. Just as the Spirit of God moved upon
the waters to bring into being the Father’s will through
the Word, so our spirit is the strength of our being
that brings about our will through our bodies; and
without which we would be dead or lifeless.
Gen 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our
image, after our likeness: and let them have
dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of
the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth,
and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the
Gen 3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is
become as one of us, to know good and evil: and
now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the
tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:
Prov 30:4 Who hath ascended up into heaven, or
descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who
hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established
all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what
is his son's name, if thou canst tell?
Gen 6:3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not
always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet
his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
Isa 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold;
mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have
put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth
judgment to the Gentiles.
Rev 5:6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the
throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the
elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having
seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven
Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.
7 And he came
and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat
upon the throne.
Isa 1:14 Your new moons and your appointed feasts my
soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary
to bear them.
John 6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to do mine
own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39 And this is the Father's will which hath sent me,
that of all which he hath given me I should lose
nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.
40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that
every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may
have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the
Isa 55:8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts,
neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD.
9 For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are
my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave
his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in
him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father
hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons
of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it
knew him not.
Col 1:12 Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made
us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints
13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and
hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:
14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even
the forgiveness of sins:
15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the
firstborn of every creature:
16 For by him were all things created, that are
in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible,
whether they be thrones, or dominions, or
principalities, or powers: all things were created by
him, and for him:
17 And he is before all things, and by him all things
18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is
the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all
things he might have the preeminence.
19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all
Col 2:6 As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the
Lord, so walk ye in him:
7 Rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the
faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with
8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and
vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the
rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead
Heb 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners
spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son,
whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also
he made the worlds;
3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the
express image of his person, and upholding all
things by the word of his power, when he had by himself
purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the
Majesty on high;
Heb 2:7 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels;
thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set
him over the works of thy hands:
8 Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet.
For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left
nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not
yet all things put under him.
9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than
the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with
glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should
taste death for every man.
10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by
whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory,
to make the captain of their salvation perfect through
11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are
sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not
ashamed to call them brethren,
12 Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in
the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.
13 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again,
Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of
flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took
part of the same; that through death he might
destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the
15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all
their lifetime subject to bondage.
16 For verily he took not on him the nature of angels;
but he took on him the seed of Abraham.
17 Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made
like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and
faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to
make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
John 6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to
do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.
John 4:34 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do
the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.
John 17:4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have
finished the work which thou gavest me to do.
Gen 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and
darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the
Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
John 4:24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship
him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
John 7:38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath
said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living
39 (But this spake he of the Spirit, which
they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy
Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet
Mic 3:8 But truly I am full of power by the spirit of
the LORD, and of judgment, and of might, to declare
unto Jacob his transgression, and to Israel his sin.
Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her,
The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of
the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also
that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be
called the Son of God.
Luke 4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the
Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of
him through all the region round about.
Rom 15:19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the
power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem,
and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached
the gospel of Christ.
Gen 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of
(the body), and
breathed into his nostrils the breath of life;
(the pneuma or spirit), and man became a
living soul. (an ever living soul).
The 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly;
and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body
be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and
sharper than any two edged sword, piercing even to the
dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the
joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the
thoughts and intents of the heart
Deut 6:5 And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all
(spirit), and with all
thy soul, (mind, emotions, and will) and
with all thy might. (bodily strength).
Psa 84:2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for
the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh
crieth out for the living God.
Cor 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was
made a living soul; the last Adam was made a
Gen 42:21 And they said one to another, We are verily
guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the
anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we
would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us
Deut 4:29 But if from thence thou shalt seek the LORD
thy God, thou shalt find him, if thou seek him with all
thy heart and with all thy soul.
Psa 42:1 As the hart panteth after the water brooks,
so panteth my soul after thee, O God.
2 My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God:
when shall I come and appear before God?
3 My tears have been my meat day and night, while they
continually say unto me, Where is thy God?
4 When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in
me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with
them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and
praise, with a multitude that kept holyday.
5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art
thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet
praise him for the help of his countenance.
16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the
whole world, and
lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange
for his soul?
Psa 139:14 I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and
wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that
my soul knoweth right well.
15 My substance was not hid from thee, when I was
made in secret, and curiously wrought in the lowest
parts of the earth.
eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in
thy book all my members were written, which in
continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none
Luke 12:22 And he said unto his disciples, Therefore I
say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye
shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall
23 The life is more than meat, and the body is more than
Cor 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of this
tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of
God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the
2 For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed
upon with our house which is from heaven:
3 If so be that being clothed we shall not be found
4 For we that are in this tabernacle do groan,
being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but
clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of
5 Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is
God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the
6 Therefore we are always confident, knowing that,
whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent
from the Lord:
7 (For we walk by faith, not by sight:)
8 We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be
absent from the body, and to be present with the
9 Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent,
we may be accepted of him.
10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of
Christ; that every one may receive the things done in
his body, according to that he hath done, whether it
be good or bad.
Cor 9:27 But I keep under my body, and bring it
into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have
preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.
The 4:11 And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your
own business, and to work with your own hands, as
we commanded you;
Zech 12:1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel,
saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and
layeth the foundation of the earth,
and formeth the spirit of
man within him.
Rom1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my
spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without
ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;
Rom 12:11 Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit;
serving the Lord;
Cor 5:3 For I verily, as absent in body, but present
in spirit, have judged already, as though I were
present, concerning him that hath so done this deed,
4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are
gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our
Lord Jesus Christ,
5 To deliver such an one unto Satan for the
destruction of the flesh,
that the spirit may be
saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.
* * * * *
Jam 2:26 For as the body without the spirit is dead,
so faith without works is dead also.